Background and History
The Costumer assorted styles of colonial wigs from colonial heroes and the common man.
Clicket more styles of colonial wigs.
Full Bottomed Wig: A tightly curled long wig which is worn below shoulder length in back and front. These wigs were worn loose not tied up. The style was worn by Louis XIII, the wig style creator, and was popular in the early seventeen hundreds. Tie Wig: Also know as the tie periwig, this wig is a long wig, tied in the back with a ribbon. It was popular in the 1720s. This is the stereotypical wig of the eighteenth century. Bag Wig: Also popular in the 1720s, the pony tail in back is stuck into material "black taffeta wig bag" and secured with bow. Queue Wig: A third style of the 1720's the hair in the back was tied into one or more braids with horizontal curls. Bob Wig: A shorter wig, originally reserved for the poor tradesmen who could not wear the longer versions and for undress occasions. It was also worn by protestant clergymen. In the later part of the eighteenth century some of the higher class started wearing the style such as President John Adams. Club Wig/Cadogan Wig: A wig with bottom curled under. Usages Formal Dress: Colonial styled wigs, remain part of the dress code court members such as barristers, judges, and parliamentary figures in England as well as many common wealth nations. Dress Up: Colonial dress up is a favorite past time. It makes a great Haloween, Purim, or masquerade costume. But even more dominant, are the history lovers who want to keep history alive. There are a number of old restoration sites, where history is preserved for generations. Replicas of homes and shops from the colonial era are carefully recrafted. All the staff there is dressed in colonial costumes and colonial wigs. Sometimes, special events are held where visitors are invited to dress up and reenact some activity of the past. Tools & Terminology
Perukemaker: The special term used for a wig crafter. Perukemakers spent many hours on each wig delicately custom creating it for each customer. Wig Block: the perukemaker crafted a wooden "head" according the measurements of each customer. This would hold the net of the wig while the wigs were being crafted. Wig Point: Special nails that secure the wig net onto the wig block. Wig Hair: Wig hair consisted of a whole range of materials. The most expensive was genuine human hair. Goat, yak, and horse hair or even thread was used. Hackle: Raw hair was passed through this comb like tool in preparation for the weaving process Weaving frame: A frame holding silk threads. The perukemaker would use this tool to weave the hair into strips or wafts. The strips would then be attached to the net. Comb: Once the hair was attached, an ordinary comb was used to comb the hair, very similar to the modern day comb. Curling iron: curled the wig. How To Make a mock Colonial Wig: What You Need? 24" x 24" square of cotton/poly blend quilt batting (it comes in rolls)
white knee high
What To Do? Pull knee high over head. Wrap rubber band around top. Take off and cut off excess above rubber band. Cover head in plastic wrap. Turn knee high inside out and place over plastic wrap. Cut long peace of batting and shape with scissors. Use fabric clue to glue batting to fabric wrap. Use excess batting to shape curls at sides. Tie batting in back with ribbon.
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| April 18, 2014
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