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Poplin Overview

Poplin is a ribbed fabric produced from silk, rayon, wool, cotton or a mixture of these fibres. Poplin is formed using a crosswise rib and a cylindrical filling. There are two or three times as many warp (lengthwise threads attached to loom) than weft (yarn which crosses warp, also known as filling) per inch. The ribs run across the fabric from selvage (woven edge of fabric) to selvage. Poplin is also referred to as 'tabinet."

Poplin characteristics

Poplin is a heavy, durable fabric consisting of a silk warp with a weft of worsted (well twisted, often woolen) yarn. Poplin has a ridged structure, which lends depth and softness to the luster of the silky surface. Poplin is mercerized and has a high shine. It may be bleached, dyed or printed. Heavy poplin is given a water repellent finish for outdoor use. Some poplin is also mildew-proof (mildew is a growth produced by mold) fire resistant or can be given a suede finish.

Poplin History

The name poplin comes from "papeline," a fabric made at Avignon, France in the 1400's. The fabric was named papeline due to the papal residence in Avignon.

What is Poplin used for?

Poplin used to be associated with casual clothing, but as the "world of work" has become more relaxed, poplin has become a staple in men's clothing, often used in casual trousers.

Poplin is also used in sportswear, shirts, (poplin shirts are easy to iron and do not wrinkle easily) boy's suits, uniforms, draperies, blouses and dresses. Poplin is used in upholstery- seat padding, fabric covers, or in bedding. Polyester poplin is also used in the design of jackets, suits, tablecloths, robes and in home decoration.

Poplin washing and care

Medium machine wash 60 degrees

Tumble dry low-remove promptly


Warm steam iron

Use a pressing cloth

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