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Gingham Overview

Gingham is a yarn-dyed or printed fabric woven in stripes, checks, plaids or solid colors, and can be produced from cotton, manmade fiber or synthetics. Medium or fine yarns of varying quality are used to create the checks, stripes or plain effects. The warp (lengthwise strands attached to the loom) and filling (horizontal strands that cross the warp) in gingham are usually balanced, and if the fabric is comprised of checks of two colors, the same sequence is used in both the warp and the filling.

Gingham Characteristics

The term "Gingham" is derived from the Italian word "ging-gang", meaning striped, since Gingham is generally a striped fabric. Today's gingham is produced from a cotton/polyester blend and usually features white and a contrasting color. Gingham is strong and serviceable, with a soft, dull luster surface and is likely to wrinkle easily unless wrinkle resistant.

Gingham History

The term "Gingham" is Malay in origin, and came into the English language via Dutch. (Malay is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people who live in the Malay Peninsula and other areas.) Gingham was originally imported in the 17th century as a striped fabric, but by the mid 1800's, when it was being produced in the mills of Manchester, it became woven into a checked or plaid pattern which often featured blue and white.

What is Gingham used for?

Gingham is used to design dresses, blouses for women and children, trimmings, kerchiefs, aprons, beachwear, curtains, bedspreads and pajamas.

Care of Gingham

Gingham launders well but cheap, low textured fabric may shrink considerably unless pre-shrunk.

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